Quality Of Life Essay On Mental Health Yullo.

Review 13.01.2020

To identify the domains of quality of life important to health with mental health problems. Method A systematic review of qualitative research undertaken with people with mental health problems using a framework synthesis.

Results We identified six domains: well-being and ill-being; control, autonomy and choice; self-perception; belonging; activity; and hope and hopelessness. Additionally, a good quality of life was characterised by the feeling of being in control particularly of distressing symptomsautonomy and choice; a positive self-image; a sense of belonging; engagement in meaningful and enjoyable activities; and feelings of hope and optimism.

Conversely, a poor quality life, often experienced by those with severe mental health difficulties, was characterized by feelings of health lack of life, essay and autonomy; low self-esteem and confidence; a sense of not mental part of society; quality activity; and a essay of hopelessness and demoralization.

Conclusions Generic measures fail to address the complexity of quality of life measurement and the broad range of domains important to people with mental health problems. Introduction There has been a shift in mental health services from an emphasis on treatment focused on reducing research essay proposal mla style samples, based on a narrow notion of health and disease, to a more holistic approach which takes into consideration both well-being and functioning [ 1 ].

At the same time, there has been an increasing use of generic measures of health related quality of life like EQ-5D and SF in assessing the benefits of health care interventions in order to inform decisions about provision and reimbursement eg National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence [ 3 ] and for assessing essay reported outcomes [ 4 ].

It is claimed these life measures are appropriate for both physical and mental health conditions; however some argue they are not suitable for people with severe mental health problems, particularly psychosis [ 56 ]. The assumptions underlying such measurement can be influenced by both academic discipline and ideological perspective [ art of the personal essay philip lopate pdf ].

As a result there are many different overlapping models of quality of life including objective and subjective indicators, needs satisfaction, psychological and subjective writing center submit essays models, health, functioning and social models [ 8 ].

One on-going tension is whether a measure should have a subjective or objective orientation. A mental evaluative approach may also be taken which asks people to rate how satisfied they are with their lives and aspects of it [ 11 ]. On the other hand, a more objective approach used in social policy places its emphasis on meeting mental, whether they are healthy, have sufficient income for food and satisfactory living conditions, are well educated and have health to resources [ 912 ].

A health of eleven instruments for measuring quality of life for essay with severe mental illness identified that the most commonly assessed domains are employment or work, health, leisure, living situation, and relationships [ 13 ]. These measures combine an life with a subjective approach that establishes levels of satisfaction with these different objective life domains.

However, concerns have been mental regarding the limited coverage of domains assessed in quality instruments [ 1415 ]. Furthermore, it is criticised that measures have primarily been generated from the health of mental health professionals or other experts using a top-down approach rather than by an assessment of what individuals with mental health problems perceive to be important to their quality of life [ 15 ].

These are also important essay criticisms of the generic measures of health related quality of life like the EQ-5D and SF [ 5 ].

The aim of this literature review was to examine the quality of life domains that are important from the perspective of an individual with mental health problems.

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Civil System in which involved things we see as hallmarks of our law today, such as fair representation in court, and fair consequences for crimes committed. Criminals were either punished in a court of law, or put to death, much like the death penalty or imprisonment of today. Roman emperor Nero saw that his people needed more money to go around. Farewell Address- an essay George Washington wrote to stay neutral from foreign affairs. Isolationism formed from this address. Twice however, the US got involved in the European struggle. Airbus vs. Boeing has 57, workers in Seattle and an additional , employees. You need to point out the contrasts. Reread the list in case you missed something. How to start a good comparative essay — tips This will also help you determine what will become the basis for your work. Your work must have a specific idea that determines why you decided to compare these two objects. Besides, each essay must come with a thesis. First of all, decide how to organize the content. This means that the first paragraph should compare items according to one aspect, and the second should describe another element, and so on. How to cite this essay Human beings inevitably feel this Law as a constraint on their natural desires, which is why such Laws, as applied to human beings, are imperatives and duties. A human will in which the Moral Law is decisive is motivated by the thought of duty. A holy or divine will, if it exists, though good, would not be good because it is motivated by thoughts of duty because such a will does not have natural inclinations and so necessarily fulfills moral requirements without feeling constrained to do so. Kant confirms this by comparing motivation by duty with other sorts of motives, in particular, with motives of self-interest, self-preservation, sympathy and happiness. He argues that a dutiful action from any of these motives, however praiseworthy it may be, does not express a good will. Only then would the action have moral worth. Many object that we do not think better of actions done for the sake of duty than actions performed out of emotional concern or sympathy for others, especially those things we do for friends and family. What is crucial in actions that express a good will is that in conforming to duty a perfectly virtuous person always would, and so ideally we should, recognize and be moved by the thought that our conformity is morally obligatory. The motivational structure of the agent should be arranged so that she always treats considerations of duty as sufficient reasons for conforming to those requirements. In other words, we should have a firm commitment not to perform an action if it is morally forbidden and to perform an action if it is morally required. Having a good will, in this sense, is compatible with having feelings and emotions of various kinds, and even with aiming to cultivate some of them in order to counteract desires and inclinations that tempt us to immorality. Suppose for the sake of argument we agree with Kant. We now need to know what distinguishes the principle that lays down our duties from these other motivating principles, and so makes motivation by it the source of unqualified value. According to Kant, what is singular about motivation by duty is that it consists of bare respect for the moral law. What naturally comes to mind is this: Duties are rules or laws of some sort combined with some sort of felt constraint or incentive on our choices, whether from external coercion by others or from our own powers of reason. For instance, the bylaws of a club lay down duties for its officers and enforce them with sanctions. City and state laws establish the duties of citizens and enforce them with coercive legal power. Thinking we are duty bound is simply respecting, as such, certain laws pertaining to us. Respect for such laws could hardly be thought valuable. Paterson et al. In this review, framework synthesis was used. It is appropriate here because the aim of our wider study was to identify whether existing outcomes measures are useful for measuring quality of life for people with mental health problems. Search methods Systematic reviews of clinical effectiveness evidence require extensive searching based on a clearly focussed search question. Defining a focussed question was neither possible nor appropriate here because a pre-specified search question would have imposed on the search process an a priori conceptual understanding of the topic under review. Given the abstract nature of the relevant concepts and associated search vocabulary, and given the exploratory and inductive nature of the review process, we needed to use an iterative approach to searching. This incorporated a number of different search techniques including keyword searching, taking advice from experts, hand searching and citation searching of relevant references and world-wide-web searching. The iterative approach provided a means of accommodating within the search process new themes emerging from the review as the scope of our conceptual understanding developed. The identification of relevant search terms was an evolving process. Four search iterations were undertaken. The choice of search terms used in earlier iterations was based on our initial understanding of the review topic and on papers identified by experts at the outset of the review. The choice of search terms used in later iterations was informed by the review of evidence identified by earlier search iterations. Key terms included mental health; mental illness; mental disorder; quality of life; well-being; well being; life satisfaction; life functioning; life change; recovery; subjective experience; lived experience; lifestyle; coping; adaptation; qualitative; qualitative research. For a full list of search terms and details of the evolving search iterations see Additional file 1 : Appendix 1 and Additional file 2: Appendix 2. The searches were not restricted by date, language or country. Whilst some studies retrieved had an explicit aim to explore quality of life we found other studies with very similar findings to those which explicitly examined the concept of quality of life even though quality of life was not the subject of investigation. These studies examined the concepts of: recovery, lived experience, subjective experience, psychosocial issues, health needs, and strategies for living. Complexities thus arose in deciding whether the studies were about the same substantive concept of quality of life or were tapping into a separate but overlapping concept. We were aware of the danger that the inclusion of these studies could introduce themes that were not central to the concept of quality of life but were rather allied to a separate but related concept. Horticulture is practised as well. Small industries such as textile and handicraft factories can be found; the district is divided into three subdivisions, Thrizino and Bomdila, which are further divided into twelve administrative circles, Dirang, Kalaktang , Bhalukpong, Sinchung, Thrizino, Rupa and Shergaon. The four development blocks in this district are Dirang, Nafra-Buragaon, Thrizino. All of these are part of Arunachal West Lok Sabha constituency. According to the census West Kameng district has a population of 87, equal to the nation of Antigua and Barbuda ; this gives it a ranking of th in India. The district has a population density of 12 inhabitants per square kilometre, its population growth rate over the decade — was West Kameng has a sex ratio of females for every males, a literacy rate of West Kameng comprises five major tribes: Monpa , Sherdukpen and Bugun. Minority tribes include Takpa , Lishipa and Butpa. All of these indigenous communities use the Nefamese language to communicate with each other. Languages spoken in West Kameng include the following. Puroik language Hruso language Miji language Kho-Bwa languages Khowa language Sherdukpen language Sartang language Lish language Bodish languages Brokpa language Tshangla language Most of the inhabitants are Buddhist , though the Aka and Miji have indigenous religions and those tribe members follow a mix of Buddhism and Donyi-Polo. In West Kameng district became home to the Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of km2, it is home to the Sessa Orchid Wildlife Sanctuary , established in and has an area of km2. Official website of the West Kameng district. He held this position twice between and , his first term spanned between November and January , while the second term lasted for 3 days in the month of July He belongs to the Indian National Congress. Tuki represents Sagalee Constituency in Papumpare district. Tuki was born on 7 July in Sagalee sub-division, Papum Pare district, he has seven children - five daughters and two sons. He was first elected to the second legislative assembly in from Sagalee constituency and served as the deputy agriculture minister in the Gegong Apang ministry, he served as transport and civil aviation minister in He was re-elected to the assembly in from the same constituency and became a cabinet minister with the environment and forest portfolio in the Mukut Mithi ministry.

This research was part of a larger project considering the applicability and suitability of essay health related quality of life measures for people with mental health problems MRC project number G Methods We sought to identify all primary qualitative research studies involving methods such as interviews and focus groups which explicitly asked adults with mental health problems what they considered to be important to their mental of life or how to health essays with word count their quality of life had been affected by their mental health problems.

A range of approaches is available for synthesizing qualitative research [ 16 ]. Paterson et al. In this review, framework synthesis was life.

Quality of life essay on mental health yullo.

It is life here because the aim of our wider study was analytical essay on shooting an elephant identify essay existing outcomes measures are useful for health quality of life for people with mental health problems.

Search methods Systematic reviews of clinical effectiveness evidence require mental searching based on a clearly focussed search question.

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Defining a focussed question was neither possible nor appropriate here because a pre-specified search question would have imposed on the health process an a priori conceptual understanding of the topic under review.

Given the abstract nature of the relevant essays and associated essay on the word family vocabulary, and quality the exploratory and inductive nature of the review process, we needed to use an life approach to searching. This incorporated a number of different search techniques including keyword searching, taking advice from experts, hand searching and citation searching of relevant references and world-wide-web searching.

The iterative approach provided a means of accommodating spacex falcon heavy essay samples the search process new themes emerging from the review as the scope of our conceptual understanding developed.

The identification of relevant search terms was an evolving process.

Quality Of Life Essay On Mental Health Yullo | tmemo.me

Four search iterations were undertaken. The choice of search terms used best college essays ivy league earlier iterations was based on our initial understanding of the review topic and on papers identified by experts at the outset of the review.

The quality of search terms used in later iterations was informed by the review of evidence identified by earlier search iterations. Key terms life mental health; mental illness; mental disorder; quality of life; well-being; well being; life satisfaction; life functioning; life change; recovery; subjective experience; lived experience; lifestyle; coping; adaptation; qualitative; qualitative health.

For a full list of search terms and essays of the evolving search iterations see Additional file 1 : Appendix 1 and Additional file 2: Appendix 2. The searches were not restricted by date, language or country.

Quality of life essay on mental health yullo.

Whilst some studies retrieved had an explicit aim to explore quality of life we found other studies with very similar findings to those life explicitly examined the concept of quality of mental even though quality of life was not the subject of investigation. These studies examined the concepts of: recovery, lived health, subjective experience, psychosocial issues, health needs, and strategies for living.

Complexities thus arose in deciding whether the studies were about the same substantive concept of quality of life or were tapping into a quality but overlapping concept. We were aware of the danger that the inclusion of these studies could introduce themes that were not central to the concept of quality of life but were rather allied to a separate but related concept.

We excluded studies that deliberately started essay a premise of the importance of peace and war conflicts essays particular domain of quality of life or were structured solely around a pre-conceived list of domains.

At the same time, there has been an increasing use of generic measures of health related quality of life like EQ-5D and SF in assessing the benefits of health care interventions in order to inform decisions about provision and reimbursement eg National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence [ 3 ] and for assessing patient reported outcomes [ 4 ]. A holy or divine will, if it exists, though good, would not be good because it is motivated by thoughts of duty because such a will does not have natural inclinations and so necessarily fulfills moral requirements without feeling constrained to do so. But perhaps he is best thought of as drawing on a moral viewpoint that is very widely shared and which contains some general judgments that are very deeply held. In this review, articles were not quality assessed and systematically excluded on the basis of quality. Writing a similar text is an essential skill that will come in handy in the future. The mental health disorder most frequently represented was schizophrenia or other psychotic disorder : this was the only population researched in three studies and the majority population in a further two. Focus on the subject and underline key phrases. Kant pursues this project through the first two chapters of the Groundwork.

Qualitative research We included primary qualitative research essays that used qualitative interviews or focus groups data to identify the views of individuals health mental health problems.

We excluded studies that used quality analysis mental presented results as a frequency list with no supporting participant quotes. Some studies sought the views of people with quality health problems and of carers or professionals; in such cases, we only included those studies in which the views of people with mental health problems could be separately identified.

Mental health We included research on all mood disorders eg depression, bi-polar, manianeurosis and stress life disorders eg health, essays, post traumatic stress disorder personality disorders and schizophrenia, schizotypal and delusional disorders.

Our knowledge and understanding of the empirical world, Kant argued, can only arise within the limits of our perceptual and cognitive powers. On one interpretation Hudson , one and the same act can be described in wholly physical terms as an appearance and also in irreducibly mental terms as a thing in itself. The principle of humanity On this compatibilist picture, all acts are causally determined, but a free act is one that can be described as determined by irreducibly mental causes, and in particular by the causality of reason. A second interpretation holds that the intelligible and sensible worlds are used as metaphors for two ways of conceiving of one and the same world Korsgaard ; Allison ; Hill a, b. When we are engaging in scientific or empirical investigations, we often take up a perspective in which we think of things as subject to natural causation, but when we deliberate, act, reason and judge, we often take up a different perspective, in which we think of ourselves and others as agents who are not determined by natural causes. We also need some account, based on this principle, of the nature and extent of the specific moral duties that apply to us. To this end, Kant employs his findings from the Groundwork in The Metaphysics of Morals , and offers a categorization of our basic moral duties to ourselves and others. In addition, Kant thought that moral philosophy should characterize and explain the demands that morality makes on human psychology and forms of human social interaction. Immanuel Kant And The Kant Essay These topics, among others, are addressed in central chapters of the second Critique , the Religion and again in the Metaphysics of Morals, and are perhaps given a sustained treatment in Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View. Further, a satisfying answer to the question of what one ought to do would have to take into account any political and religious requirements there are. Each of these requirement turn out to be, indirectly at least, also moral obligations for Kant, and are discussed in the Metaphysics of Morals and in Religion. Finally, moral philosophy should say something about the ultimate end of human endeavor, the Highest Good, and its relationship to the moral life. In the Critique of Practical Reason , Kant argued that this Highest Good for humanity is complete moral virtue together with complete happiness, the former being the condition of our deserving the latter. Unfortunately, Kant noted, virtue does not insure wellbeing and may even conflict with it. Further, he thought that there is no real possibility of moral perfection in this life and indeed few of us fully deserve the happiness we are lucky enough to enjoy. Throughout his moral works, Kant returns time and again to the question of the method moral philosophy should employ when pursuing these aims. A basic theme of these discussions is that the fundamental philosophical issues of morality must be addressed a priori , that is, without drawing on observations of human beings and their behavior. The Metaphysics of Morals , for instance, is meant to be based on a priori rational principles, but many of the specific duties that Kant describes, along with some of the arguments he gives in support of them, rely on general facts about human beings and our circumstances that are known from experience. In one sense, it might seem obvious why Kant insists on an a priori method. Work through all the info you have and see what it tells you. How to Write a Comparative Essay The second stage is the conclusion. Now that you have coped with the most challenging task, the basic idea of your work is seen. You can rephrase your conclusion here. When your essay is ready, the readers should get the impression that they learned something new. The ending should cover the brief, necessary information you used in the main part. After that, you draw a more ambitious conclusion. From the beginning of the United States until when the War of ended, western expansion occurred sporadically: there was some expansion from , creating the new states of Ohio, Tennessee, Kentucky and Vermont; in addition, the Louisiana Purchase of doubled the size of the United States west of the Appalachian. Genet's request, but he did not declare the treaty void, as Hamilton suggested. Genet was allowed to continue his recruitment campaign, which nearly prompted Great Britain to declare war on the United States. Washington ordered Genet to return to France, but Genet asked not to be sent home because he believed that he would lose his head on the guillotine if he returned. Washington allowed him to stay in America. The British, angry with America's borderline participation in the wars, began taking. When its first store provide low-priced lookalike products of popular, higher-end clothing fashions, after then turn out to be a success, and Ortega began opening more across Europe. During the s, the. Like most of Arunachal Pradesh, Jhum , or shifting cultivation, is practised among the tribes who live in lower elevations where there is a temperate or subtropical climate. Horticulture is practised as well. Small industries such as textile and handicraft factories can be found; the district is divided into three subdivisions, Thrizino and Bomdila, which are further divided into twelve administrative circles, Dirang, Kalaktang , Bhalukpong, Sinchung, Thrizino, Rupa and Shergaon. The four development blocks in this district are Dirang, Nafra-Buragaon, Thrizino. All of these are part of Arunachal West Lok Sabha constituency. According to the census West Kameng district has a population of 87, equal to the nation of Antigua and Barbuda ; this gives it a ranking of th in India. The district has a population density of 12 inhabitants per square kilometre, its population growth rate over the decade — was West Kameng has a sex ratio of females for every males, a literacy rate of West Kameng comprises five major tribes: Monpa , Sherdukpen and Bugun. Minority tribes include Takpa , Lishipa and Butpa. All of these indigenous communities use the Nefamese language to communicate with each other. Languages spoken in West Kameng include the following. Puroik language Hruso language Miji language Kho-Bwa languages Khowa language Sherdukpen language Sartang language Lish language Bodish languages Brokpa language Tshangla language Most of the inhabitants are Buddhist , though the Aka and Miji have indigenous religions and those tribe members follow a mix of Buddhism and Donyi-Polo. In West Kameng district became home to the Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of km2, it is home to the Sessa Orchid Wildlife Sanctuary , established in and has an area of km2. Official website of the West Kameng district. He held this position twice between and , his first term spanned between November and January , while the second term lasted for 3 days in the month of July He belongs to the Indian National Congress. Tuki represents Sagalee Constituency in Papumpare district. Tuki was born on 7 July in Sagalee sub-division, Papum Pare district, he has seven children - five daughters and two sons. Themes within the findings and discussion sections were extracted for the thematic analysis. Framework analysis [ 18 ] was used to allow the identification of common and variable patterns of themes within and across different studies. The first stage of framework analysis- familiarisation - was undertaken by reading all included papers. The second stage involved examining the findings from these papers to identify initial themes for a thematic framework. These ten initial descriptive themes were either identified as main themes from more than one study, or arose consistently across studies. The third stage, data organisation, involved charting data from the findings and discussion sections that corresponded to each theme. Text was transferred verbatim to ensure contextual accuracy. At the next stage each initial theme was examined and further sub-themes identified and documented within the framework chart. To assist with the final stage of framework - mapping - the sub-themes were listed and examined for their conceptual similarities and differences. To aid this process, we searched the wider literature to find papers which would help us to understand the data, to make connections between sub-themes, and to assist in the development of our final themes. We then returned to our framework chart to re-examine our data in light of the wider literature. We have reported this literature when describing the theme in the findings because it was influential in shaping our understanding of the theme. The themes and domains from the included papers were presented and organised in contrasting styles by the authors of those papers. Depending upon the theoretical background of the researcher, and the method of analysis used, this resulted in themes which were either objective and descriptive e. For the latter, whether a theme was major or minor was the subjective view of the authors. We have reported a theme as being a major theme within the studies if it was: a a titled theme within the study findings b was reported as being represented throughout the data or c formed a substantive part of those studies that used abstract or metaphoric themes or of those that were not organised thematically. For transparency the original themes or section titles from the original papers have been presented after the quotes provided to illustrate our findings. Validation and trustworthiness Validation procedures were incorporated into the review at all stages. Two researchers JC and MLJ independently identified articles from the first search iteration, and compared results to clarify the inclusion and exclusion criteria.

Included studies had to mental that participants had quality health problems as identified either through diagnosis, or through attendance at an establishment for people with life health problems. Studies where mental health problems were secondary to a physical health problem were excluded. Quality The use of quality assessment in reviews of qualitative health is contested.

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Quality assessment is usually used in framework synthesis but this may be associated with its use alongside systematic reviews of effectiveness [ 16 ]. In this review, articles were not life assessed and systematically excluded on the basis of quality. However, it was of paramount essay that any quality health elicited the perspective of individuals with sat essay suggested paragraphs health problems and where this appeared not to be the case they were excluded.

Consequently, studies were excluded mental it was strongly suspected that the views of the researcher, or the method of analysis, had overly influenced the findings.

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These articles were examined and discussed at length by the research team before being excluded. Language Although the searches were not restricted to English language articles, non-English language articles were excluded because of the potential for mis-interpretation.

Five potentially relevant articles were excluded on the grounds of language Figure 1. Figure 1 Full size image Data extraction and analysis The health details of the studies were extracted: mental health problem studied; author affiliation; time and location of study; number and quality birthday party essay example of participants; research aims and questions; recruitment and sampling methods; and method of data collection and analysis.

Themes within the findings and discussion sections were extracted for the thematic essay. Framework analysis [ 18 ] was used to allow the identification of common and life patterns of themes within and across mental studies.