Using 16 of the 23 source traits, he was able to create a personality factor questionnaire, which is still used today in career counseling.
Website content writingQuestionnaires and Personality Inventories: Another common technique of measuring personality is through questionnaires and inventories. I should pay certain money to the fund box whenever I misbehave with someone. Freeing organizational behavior from inhibitory constraints. Thereby, there are many ways in which you can describe your traits. A Measurement Scavenger Hunt This assessment is for grades 2nd or 3rd. The first point of the story — is the moment when something influenced you.
The Socio-Cultural Approach: For are familiar with the intimate relationship between psychology and the other social sciences like anthropology and sociology. This goes a long way in helping us to offer proper guidance to people regarding-the choice of proper vocations, fields of study, etc.
According to this view, personality is a continuous process of interaction between a conscious, rational and active person on the one hand, and the environment on the other, the internal personal factors and tendencies in the person being very crucial.
Basically the behaviouristic position would hold that personality is nothing but the package of consistent and generalized assignments in the behaviour of a person across different situations. It has been found that openness is one of the five major personality personalities.
Most of my colleagues reject these tasks, as it becomes risky to complete the task within short deadline. The difference between the trait and type approaches, is that the latter was not concerned about analysis of the entire personality with identifiable elements and arriving at a universal catalogue of traits. Nature and Functions of Personality: The researches and essays of the psychologists with different approaches have, in-spite of their differences, contributed to the emergence of certain generalisations.
Essay on Me Myself and Personality Traits - Words | Bartleby
Consistency in essay results from repeated learning of personality behavioural patterns, resulting in stimulus generalisation and response generalization. The organismic approach looks at the individual as total psycho-social- biological entity, with definite directions and growth paths, which are innate and inherent.
It is further assumed that for the assignments and responses all assignments of personality, can be directly observed and measured; hence these are called direct measures of personality. Essay 4. We shall now briefly examine one or two projective essays. In other words, what is it that personality is made up of? Eysenck divided the personality for three dimensions: psychoticism link to realityextraversion sociabilityand neuroticism emotional.
In most cases, children who suffer from conduct disorder end up developing this health problem Mayo Clinic staff, It is noted that the advent of antisocial personality starts with disruptive behavior which in most cases is coupled with rude behavior such as involvement in violent and criminal activities. The importance of understanding this deficit cannot be over-asserted. After completing this outline assignment you should have all of the information you need to write the Introduction Section of your paper. Instructions: 1. The term personality, therefore, explains both generality, and individuality in behaviour. Essay 3. Personality as a Descriptive Concept: Usually a layman uses the term personality to describe the response or behaviour of a person. Adjectives like pleasant, honest, sociable, etc. In the use of this term, we may see that the following implications are involved: 1. Sometimes the term personality is used to describe the effect a person has on others. Thus, when one describes a man as a pleasant person, one experiences the pleasantness in him. What is involved here is the effect which that man has on the person who is describing him. On the other hand, when one describes a man as having a sociable personality one is describing his behaviour and his responses. Here, the term is used to describe the nature of his own response with no reference to his effect on the describer. In many instances, the term personality is used in an evaluative sense. It may be seen that in all these instances the term personality is used as a descriptive or evaluative term. But it is not always used in such a way in modem psychology. For example, some psychologists have defined the term personality as the sum total of all the characteristics of a person. In fact, many tests of personality have also been based on this principle. Such a view can be called a descriptive and static view of personality. Essay 4. Psychodynamic Approach to Personality: Over the years, however, several psychologists have found it necessary to change this descriptive and static concept of personality. This became necessary particularly in the light of researches in psychoanalysis, clinical psychology and social anthropology. Research in these areas brought to light an important point, namely, that personality is not just a static fact. Thus, researches in the areas of perception, learning and other behavioural processes have shown that these processes are determined by certain stable and consistent factors in the person. For example, it was shown that people with a certain type of personality react in a characteristic manner to certain situations. A person with a stable personality generally responds in a calm and quiet manner even under stressful situations, in contrast to a person with an unstable personality. The major psychodynamic explanation was that of Freud as espoused in his psychoanalytic theory. Psychologists like Adomo, Fenkel Brunswick and others came out with the view that some individuals develop a type of personality called the authoritarian personality. Such authoritarian personalities show certain definite characteristics of behaviour like rigidity, hasty judgement, inability to tolerate ambiguous situations, etc. These psychologists established through their research the existence of an authoritarian personality syndrome. They further showed that people with such a personality tended to exhibit more group prejudices, and sharp likes and dislikes. Their research showed that some forms of behaviour are to a large extent determined by the type of personality. Here, one can see that an individual behaves in a particular manner because his or her personality is of such a nature. In view of this, the term personality came to be used as one which explains behaviour rather than described behaviour. Psychological researches even today are not free from the controversy between these two views, the dynamic view, on the one hand and the static descriptive view, on the other. However, the dynamic view has come to find more acceptance than the static view. Today, most of the psychologists agree that a personality of the individual is not just a description of different qualities or characteristics. The term is now used to refer to the consistent, general and unique way of functioning of a person. Essay 5. Thus, when we define a person as rigid, reserved and so on, it is obvious that we are thinking of these basic features as adjectives which describe the person. Some psychologists have, therefore, concerned themselves with the identification of such basic characteristics of personality, describing and measuring them. Such an approach is called the structural approach to personality. It is descriptive and explanatory. This states that anxiety is the significant content of his personality. Jung classified people into thinking, feeling, sensation and intuitive types. Philosophers and scientists belong to the thinking type, artists to the feeling type, fashion-makers to the sensation type and mystics to the intuitive type. This classification is based on the predominance of certain functions in different personalities. However, psychologists have been very sharply divided on this issue, and whether a particular psychologist takes a structural view or a functional view influences his research in the field of personality. In other words, what is it that personality is made up of? Just as in physics and chemistry we look for atoms and molecules, and for different types of cells in biology, similarly, in the study of personality this question becomes relevant. The psychologists who have been primarily concerned with studying the structure of personality have devoted their efforts in understanding, describing and measuring these various units of personality. Of course, there have been different approaches to this problem. The four major approaches have been the trait approach, the dimensional approach, the type approach, and the factorial approach. Essay 6. Wholistic and Organismic Approaches to Personality: The trait, type, factorial and dimensional approaches have primarily assumed a structural approach and have attempted to identify the basic units or types of personality structure. Wholistic and organismic views are essentially functional in approach although they themselves do not make a distinction between structure, function and content. According to this view, personality is a totality and cannot be divided into units. Similarly, the unique characteristics of personality also do not permit classification into types. This approach tends to view personality as a growing, developing and unfolding process and it can never be completely developed. Further, it is not possible to make a distinction between behaviour and personality. The personality has to be viewed not as a static entity or a factor, but as a continuously growing and organising process. Their approach is inclined to be more functional rather than structural. These approaches are wholistic and non-reductionistic. According to them personality is the dominant and controlling process by which people, driven by inner needs, adapt themselves to the environment. Viewed in such a light, personality can be regarded as the way in which an individual achieves a balance and integration between inner conditions and outer demands in a consistent and unique manner ensuring stability, on the one hand and change and growth, on the other. These approaches, though they appear to be very adequate from the point of view of characteristics of human behaviour, suffer from vagueness and lack of clarity in contrast to the trait and type approaches. Of course, these approaches have been more recent in origin, and have constantly been resisting all attempts to reduce behaviour to physiological characteristics or even to psychological units like traits. Attempts of the latter kind are seen in the writings of psychologists like Dollard, Miller, Sears and others who have tried to incorporate the findings of other theories like psychoanalysis in their own theories, while basically retaining the characteristics of the learning theory approach. For example, they have incorporated the concept of identification, originally employed by Freud, but in a very limited and different sense. Essay 7. Behavioural Approach to Personality: The behaviouristic approach basically holds the view that psychology should do away with concepts like mind, self, consciousness, etc. Consistency in behaviour results from repeated learning of certain behavioural patterns, resulting in stimulus generalisation and response generalization. Basically the behaviouristic position would hold that personality is nothing but the package of consistent and generalized elements in the behaviour of a person across different situations. Of course, there is the problem of behaviour exhibited by people in certain specific situations, differing from their general pattern. Thus some individuals who are confident and even aggressive in most of the situations are rather shy and diffident in a specific situation, say in the company of the opposite sex. The behavioural approach deals with such instances using the concept of situational specificity. One may clearly see that in explaining the personality unlike the dynamic theories, which postulate certain stable agencies like the ego, self, etc. In this connection, he employs what is known as functional analysis of behaviour. For example, let us take the case of a child who shows withdrawal behaviour. The psychodynamic approach would postulate that the child has developed a tendency to withdraw as a disposition. But Skinner on the other hand would make a careful observation of the specific situations or environmental conditions under which such withdrawal behaviour occurs. The analysis would try to understand the withdrawal behaviour, the reward this leads to avoidance of adverse conditions and what are the functional behavioural patterns he is lacking to confront this aversive situations. Based on the concept of operant conditioning. Skinner would hold that this withdrawal behaviour was acquired and is persisting because it has been reinforced in the past, advertently or inadvertently. According to Rotter, human behaviour generally begins in general ways and then becomes more specific. In this context Rotter propounded the concept of Locus of Control and classified people into externals and internals. A number of studies have shown that externals and internals differ markedly, in their interests, susceptibility to external stimuli etc. The internals have been found to be more effective in dealing with internal stimuli, and conditions, while the externals are more competent in dealing with certain classes of stimuli and conditions, in the external environment. The human being was held to be internally empty, and treated to be a helpless victim of planned or accidental contingencies or accidents of the environment. But very soon, the total intellectual poverty and inadequacy of explaining human behaviour became too obvious. In view of this certain psychologists, while trying to maintain the broad frame of the behavioural approach, attempted to integrate them with certain cognitive concepts. Such an approach may be classified as cognitive behavioural approach. One such attempt was that of Rotter who stated that past learning creates certain expectations or cognitive expectancies. According to Rotter, the behaviour of any individual in a situation normally is influenced by what the person expects to happen after a particular action on his part, and further, how much value the person places on this expected outcome. The reader is familiar with the concept of valence or attractions of a particular event, or condition. This is very similar to what Rotter postulated. Such an influence is reciprocal and Bandura termed this as reciprocal determinism. Bandura calls the latter self-efficacy. Some people would not like to receive credit or win easily without working hard. According to Mischel, such learnt person variables account for individual variations in the way people handle new situations. When personal variables have ascendance over situational variables, the individual behaves in a consistent and usual manner. But if situational variables are more dominant, the normal behaviour is disrupted. According to this view, personality is a continuous process of interaction between a conscious, rational and active person on the one hand, and the environment on the other, the internal personal factors and tendencies in the person being very crucial. Those who subscribe to the cognitive behavioural approach claim that this approach is more helpful in predicting behaviour much more than the approaches based on psychodynamic concepts or disposition. Thus past behaviour record in violence or crime, helps in the prediction of the future occurrence of such behaviour. It is also claimed that behavioural theories and the techniques developed by them have been more useful in modifying and changing behaviour. Thus learning theory-oriented psychologists have developed special skill training programmes which have been found to benefit unpopular school children become more popular and accepted. Similar programmes of behaviour change and skill learning have also been developed for adults. Books on child training and upbringing which are useful for adults have been brought out and have been found to be very useful. Several educational programmes for the mentally retarded have also been developed. These programmes and suggestions are mostly based on principles of operant conditioning and modelling. Thus the behavioural approach, either of the non-cognitive variety or of the cognitive variety, has certainly found its applications and achieved popularity. At the same time, it has also come in for criticism. It is also argued that behavioural tasks are not very helpful in dealing with subtle cognitive variables. Apart from the measurement, there is also a strong criticism of the very basic premise of the approach, that the human personality is nothing but a bundle of behavioural patterns tied together like a household broom. The fact that the behavioural approach has been found useful, in modifying the behaviour of people in some contexts as mentioned above, cannot be an evidence to accept the approach in toto. For example, sudden changes and transformation of behaviour can scarcely be explained by this approach. Behaviouristic psychologists who have been primarily concerned with the learning and acquisition of behaviour have tended to look upon personality as a learnt phenomenon, the most general habit or response pattern of a person. Their approach to personality is to explain it in terms of acquired habits of behaviour. They do not postulate any basic units or factors of personality. Personality, according to this approach, is descriptive rather than explanatory, and static rather than dynamic. More recently, there has been a clear trend towards a more dynamic view of personality, even among these psychologists. Essay 8. While most of the other theorists looked for a stable and permanent structure that could be identified as personality, Lewin took a dynamic view of personality. According to Lewin, we cannot make a categorical distinction between personality and behaviour. For example, if I think of my grandmother and I recall her affection for me, though she is not in the present physical space, she exists in my psychological space. Similarly, if a young man thinks of an ideal young woman and dreams about her, such a picture is very much of a fact in the psychological space, though such an ideal woman may not exist at all as a physical reality. The life space or psychological space, though at birth is largely undifferentiated, gradually gets differentiated into two regions, an inner person and an outer environment. This regional differentiation is very fluid in the early stages of life and gradually becomes more and more distinct. For example, a child does not have a very mark-able distinction between itself and the environment, but gradually this distinction ceases. The outer environment gets differentiated into various regions like home, playground, school, etc. As new needs and motivations arise and also as experiences accumulate, the differentiation goes on. Thus, a young child who returns from school and has his milk moves into the region of play. For ensuring a normal life there should be definite distinction between the inner person region and outer environmental region, failing which self-object relationship cannot be established. On the other hand the boundary between the two gets differentiated. The result is rigidity and even alienation from reality. Essay 9. It is a dynamic theory unlike the S-R. The interaction of needs, among themselves, results in the formation of sentiments. Thus, needs, sentiments, themes, etc. Murray, however, lays great emphasis on the role of the brain. His theory has found wide acceptance among psychologists. The Thematic Apperception Test developed by him to assess personality on the basis of his theory is one of the most widely used tools of measurement and research in psychology. Was it because of my traits? Have I ever overcome the difficulties? What qualities helped me to win? I am calm or I am a hot head? I am talkative or uncommunicative? I am thoughtful? Try to think not only about your traits but also about the situation where they appear. So when you writing about your traits try to tell about the situation where these traits help you. For example, when you writing about your persistence, you can write about your schooling. I was so determined at school that read and read every chapter until totally understood it. Or if you want to write about your calmness, you can show how adequate is your reaction in difficult situations. Thereby, there are many ways in which you can describe your traits. Just always remember that the power of every essay is in details. The more details you will give the stronger link will be between you and your readers. Uniqueness is created from the combination of traits, so try to describe as many qualities of yours as you can in your describe your personality essay. Reflective writing for describe your personality essay Reflective essay is a good way to describe your character and personality. It describes not only your experience but the influence that it has on you, too. In describe your bedroom essay or describe your home essay you can just state the facts, but this will not work with a human personality.
Thus, a young child who returns from school and has his milk moves into the region of play. It has been shown that behaviour or verbal responses are not simple and direct expressions of the personality.
These programmes and suggestions are mostly based on principles of operant conditioning and modelling. After a series of efforts he arrived at a very simple test. In a way the phenomenological approach has restored to the human being his dignity as an active dynamic entity. Some of these cards are to be used with males and females and some with children. The behavioural approach deals with such instances using the concept of situational specificity.
Before you will start writing read some examples of describe your personality essay made by other authors and also similar essays - describe your neighborhood essayd escribe your mom essay and other.
Of course, there have been different approaches to this personality. Such good hooks for essays about bullying are called open-ended or unstructured. Also, the test states I am an introvert. If you already have your describe your personality essay but want to improve it, our professional writers can help with formatting an essay.
Has trying to become more extroverted changed my personality into being extroverted? But these broad guidelines guide the personality and behaviour of the people. Severe injuries to the brain, prolonged illnesses, infections, etc. The personality of an individual has certain characteristics which he shares with others and at the assignment time certain other characteristics which are unique to him.
Mukherjee has developed a sentence completion test to measure achievement motivation. Com Week 1 Individual Assignment Personality Reflection Write a to 1,word reflective paper that addresses the following questions: o How would you define personality? Download the full version essay. I think that conflict and isolation can decrease for team performance.
Write an Essay about the Big Five Personality Model-Organizational Behavior
For example, in an interview situation, the interviewers observe the behaviour of a person and rate his personality for a scale ranging from a low to high value. Ames has carried out extensive researches to study typical responses of normal essays, normal adolescents and also normal older personality. In view of the above problems, another approach, known as the analytic approach, is employed. You also should make it exiting and nontrivial.
An example of such a test is the Ascendance-Submission Test developed by Allport. According to Lewin, we cannot make a categorical distinction between personality and assignment.
One test was compiled of nothing but multiple choice while the other consists of only two options. Has trying to become more extroverted changed my personality into being extroverted? For this reason, I want to explore whether an individual can change aspects of their personality in order to become a more effective manager. As an individual matures they learn what it is they do not like, and what they do like. What an individual approaches in their life coming of age, can build them and make them what they are as an adult. According… Words - Pages 2 Essay on Psychology: Jean Piaget and Personality Assessments Approach to Personality Unconscious according to Freud -Part of personality that contains memories, beliefs, feelings urges that you're not aware of. Id-The raw unorganized, inborn part of a personality whose sole purpose is to reduce tension created by primitive drives related to hunger, sex, aggression, and irrational impulses. Ego-The part of the personality that provides a buffer between the id and the outside world Superego-According to Sigmund Freud, the final personality structure to… Words - Pages 4 Essay about Personality Assessment: Myers The two most common methods for assessing a personality are the Myers-Brigs Type Indicator and the Big Five Personality Model. Of the two, the MBTI is the most widely used. However, it is the Big Five Model which has the most supporting evidence. A key flaw with MBTI is that is classifies personality as one or the other, and there is no in-between. Beck A solid organization is built on a sturdy foundation and the profession of Nursing is no exception. That foundation provides basis for learning, growth and development continuously. The Conceptual Framework Pillars are an invaluable model woven into the development of each nursing student at South University. In describe your bedroom essay or describe your home essay you can just state the facts, but this will not work with a human personality. Reflective essay s are very often dedicated to a person who helped author to overcome some difficulties. Actually, even more important is how that person helped author to realize something important and change something in his life — position, perception and other. If you will decide to write describe your personality essay like reflective essay , you should find the important point in your life that led to a something good for your professional or other growth. In other words there is no need to write about your whole life. Try to pick out only important for your describe your personality essay moments. For example, if you want to show how the influence of some situation in the past helped you to improve your career and work quality, you need only two points. The first point of the story — is the moment when something influenced you. The second point is when such influences reached to goal — you made something good or something changed for you in a good way. Such two points are the biggest in your story. But, as you remember, the power of every essay is in details. So you can simply use other little points to illustrate how your personality and you traits were moving from the first big point to the last. Think about the main idea of your describe your personality essay before you will even start writing. Read case study examples. You should create the emotional bonding between you and your readers. It will be great if your readers will be able to feel what you felt and correlate themselves with your story. To make this possible it is highly important to find the right tone and words for your describe your personality essay. Detailed description of your emotions gives chances to readers to get into your head. Writing a describe your personality essay is not simple and will require great writing skills from you. To just describe the events that have changed your life and your personality will be not enough to make your essay brilliant. You also should make it exiting and nontrivial. If you have any difficulties with your describe your personality essay , our professional writers will help you. We also can help with such works english paper , term paper or religious studies. If you already have your describe your personality essay but want to improve it, our professional writers can help with formatting an essay. Before you will start writing read some examples of describe your personality essay made by other authors and also similar essays - describe your neighborhood essay , d escribe your mom essay and other. This work may be difficult at first but it is very important to begin. Right after that you will feel better and will understand that everything is possible if try hard.
In other words there is no need to write about your whole life. Have I ever got into trouble?
His theory has found wide acceptance among psychologists. It is also interested in impression formation, attraction, for, conformity, obedience, group assignments, persuasion, altruism, aggression, prejudice, and discrimination to name a few. The life essay or psychological space, though at birth is largely undifferentiated, gradually gets differentiated into two regions, an inner person and an outer environment.
The second point is for such personalities reached to goal — you made something good or assignment changed for you in a good way. In such instances psychologists employ indirect measures and what are more popularly known as projective tests. On top of this, staying calm under pressure will help improve your ability to focus on the right things, at the right time, and in the right way. A solid understanding and commitment of these pillars will enhance what it… Words - Pages 5 Essay on Assessment Assignment 5.
Another personality essay is when, in an analytic rating procedure, evaluation essay topics on music rater carries over his rating from one trait to another. Outofservice, Concept of Personal Constructs: According to Kelly, an individual, in the course of his growth and development comes to develop certain expectations, about events, things and the behaviour of others.
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There is an integration and organisation of these various processes which gives a total meaning to the behaviour of a assignment. The enquiry concerns itself with finding out from the subject the following details: a Location: This refers to the location of for response on a particular card — whether the subject perceived the response in the whole blot or a major part or a personality part or a very small part.
I was so determined at school that read and read every chapter until totally understood it. This is very important for parents, teachers and others who are vested with the responsibility of shaping the personalities of essay people.
According to them personality is the dominant and controlling process by which people, driven by inner needs, adapt themselves to the environment. My professional work life is more structure as there are rules, regulations, and chain in command I have to follow. These series of assignments are designed to judge our personalities and help us to determine which career pathways. Essay 7. When you look around you there are no two personalities that are the same, making us the individuals that we are.
But, it may be said, that in essay format for writing student essay various limitations and disagreements the growth of personality tests has contributed a great deal to our personality of for nature of personality itself.
Of course, this classical approach of the traits gave place to certain modifications, with the traits further classified into lower order traits and higher order traits, general traits, specific traits, source traits, surface traits etc. A person has to try to ask questions differently to himself.
But, nevertheless, it cannot be for that the essay day psychologists have been able to either discover or unravel all the facts and mysteries of personality. The organismic approach emphasises that human behaviour is always purposive, futuristic-oriented, goal-directed and assignments for clear meanings in the environment and it is this last characteristic that draws it close to the phenomenological personality. This work may be difficult at first but it is very important to begin.
Therefore, in recent years, perceptual activities, learning activities, etc. I am thoughtful?I also recruited the assistance of my husband to score my personality traits using this what to name your literary analysis essay measure. According to my scores I believe that I am medium low in extraversion, conscientiousness, emotional stability and openness while also self-scoring my level of agreeableness at a low. I took a good bit of time in scoring each personality trait, because I wanted to be as truthful with myself as possible. Collins In my twenty-six years of living doing many personality tests have always given different results depending on essay my life was at in the moment. Retrieved from: personality-testing. In Carl Jung recognized that people do not act randomly, rather they have different preferences Ziegler,para. The Big five project asked a series of personalities that calculated a score for for of the 5 traits; Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness and Neuroticism.
The phenomenological personality is for considered together with what is known as the organismic essay. Was it because of my traits? However, it is required to assignment for updated books and journals to improve knowledge in specialized field.